QA Fundamentals: Introducing Test Cases
Q-Pros prides itself in adopting top-level methodologies and test cases essential for the QA process. We make sure we recruit specialized quality engineers who can utilize their skills to improve software performance.
In this article, we will investigate the specifics involving test cases. The definition, and why are they essential to QA (Quality Assurance).
What are Test Cases?
In simple terms, a test case is implementing a scenario to measure aspects of the functionality and non-functionality of a specific software while applying a set of actions. This is done by actioning certain features of an application under specific conditions to ensure the desired result.
A test case differs from test scripts, as test scripts are programs intended to test for certain codes responsible for certain aspects of functionality. Test cases involve a set of actions to be completed per the actual order of functionality planned for the application. So, it is safe to say that test cases are more inclusive than test scripts.
The outcome of each test case step is intended to produce a pass or fail status, depending on the criteria being followed. One could measure an application’s security by establishing a test case where the elements being actioned are aligned with a security measure, like verifying that password or account authentication works well.
Components of Test Cases:
- Test case ID: any test case should have a distinct ID; this will help organizations keep track of the progress and reference scenarios accordingly.
- Test description: A description of the unit being tested and for what.
- Pre-Conditions: What should be implemented before conducting the test case. For example, having an account is a condition to measure security.
- Test Data: this includes the data being used to verify, input, and output data.
- List of steps to action: This includes a step-by-step representation of the order of actions needed to guarantee the implementation of the test.
- The Expected Result & Actual Result: After all actions and conditions are applied accordingly, an expected result should already be in mind (i.e., the desired outcome of the scenario). The expected result is then compared with the actual result, and from that, we assess whether it is a pass or a fail.
Importance of Having Test Cases
Any client must know the potential of their product, and how specific they can get while using it and it still delivers expected results. Nowadays, developers are planning test cases ahead of time to keep their clients up to date with what to expect.
By providing and planning test case scenarios, clients can pitch in and provide feedback on the test cases and get involved in the testing process.
Test cases allow for more transparency and build trust between all parties involved. It strengthens the DevOps cycle by asserting firsthand cooperation between developers and testing experts. It opens the door for more innovation, as more test cases are implemented, the potential of the application is stretched even further to make sure it includes more aspects of use.
With our expert team of QA testers, you can be sure every corner of your application is covered with top-level test cases. Know more about our list of services.